List Of Sura's

Ar-Ra’d (The Thunder)

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In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful

Our Prophet (PBH), through the very first revelation of the Quran, was ordered:
“Recite in the name of your Fosterer…” (Chapter 96: Verse 1) and the name of his and our Fosterer is Allah (SWT), as is evident from the very first verse of the first chapter of the Quran:
“Praise is due only for Allah (SWT), the Fosterer of the worlds”. (Chapter 1: Verse 1)
In view of this order of Allah (SWT), we should recite/read before starting the recitation or reading of the Holy Quran which is a part of the Quran, occurring at the beginning of 113 out of 114 chapters of the Quran and also as part of verse No. 30 of chapter 27 of the Quran. Through Chapter 16: Verse 98, Allah Taala further orders:
“So when you recite/read the Quran, seek the protection of Allah from the accursed devil”.
This means that we are required to pray; (Aoozu Billahi min Ash shaitaanir Rajeem) meaning: “I seek the protection of Allah from the accursed devil”, even before reciting or reading: (Bismillahir Rahmaanir Raheem)

Shuru Allah ke naam se jo hum per taras kha ker faida pahunchane wala hai

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Alif Laam Miim Raa. Those are the signs of the book. And that which is sent down to you from your Fosterer is the truth, but the majority of human beings does not believe.

The majority of human beings does not believe that the Quran is the truth sent down by Allah (SWT).

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It is Allah Who raised the skies (heavenly bodies) without any support which you see, then set the balance on the throne (of the universe), and He compelled the sun and the moon (to follow His laws), each one moves fast till an appointed time. He governs the affair. The signs are explained in detail by Him that you may be certain of meeting your Fosterer.

We do not see any hooks or pillars on which heavenly bodies weighing in millions of tones are supported. They freely float in space. A rotational motion keeps the individual members of the planetary system in equilibrium against the gravitational pull of the sun. In the case of a star, the explosions due to nuclear reactions are counter acted by the implosive force of its gravity. On the universal scale, there is a balance between the run away expansion of various groups of galaxies and a violent collapse due to the increasing force of mutual gravitation. This is how the heavenly bodies, freely suspended in space, follow the orders of Allah (SWT) which we call laws of nature.

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According to the ‘Theory of continental drift’, about 250 million years ago, the earth’s surface consisted of a single large continent (Pangaea) and the rest of the earth’s surface was covered by the Panthalassa Ocean. Later on this single continent, Pangaea, split into two land masses, Laurasia in the north and Gondwanaland in the south which subsequently broke into several continents. These then drifted away to their present positions. Even today these continents appear to fit as a Jig saw puzzle. This is how the earth was stretched. Making of mountains is mentioned immediately after drifting continents – when two land masses approach each other, the sediments at the bottom of the ocean between them, get compressed and sometimes rise above the sea level as mountains. A good example of this is the Himalayan mountains which rose from the bottom of the ocean Tythus due to compression of India towards Tibet. In Arabic the word ‘Mursaha’ is used for anchoring of ships. The anchor is dropped into the ocean and it rests on the bottom under water, when the ship is to move, it is lifted above the sea – level. The word ‘Rawasiya’ from the same root alphabets used for‘mountains’ could mean those mountains, the material of which was originally deposited in water as sediments and later lifted up, i.e. the ‘Sedimentary Mountains’. This is how Allah (SWT) has explained the whole process of sedimentary mountain formation through one word,. ‘Rawasiya’. These and other natural phenomenae provide proofs of the existence and powers of Allah (SWT)
Drifting Continents:

It is slated mat Millions of years ago, all the southern continents formed one single land mass. Later they drifted apart to occupy their present positions. This is popularly known as the theory of ‘Drifting continents. If one closely examines the world map, even today these continents appear to fit as a jig-saw puzzle.

Sedimentary Mountains:

When two land masses approach each other, the sediments at the bottom of the ocean between them get compressed and sometimes rise above the sea level as mountains. A good example of this is the Himalayan mountains which rose from the ocean named Tythus due to compression of India towards Tibet. In Arabic, the word ‘Mursaha’ is used for anchoring of ships in water. In this verse (3), the word ‘Rawasiya’ from the same root alphabets used for mountains could mean those mountains, the material of which was, originally deposited in water as sediments and later lifted up, that is, sedimentary mountains.

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And in the earth there are neighboring tracts, and gardens of grapes and fields sown with corn and date palms, having one root and (others) having distinct roots, watered with one water. And We have made some to excel others in fruit. In that there are certainly signs for a people who understand.

The top layer of the earth known as soil, differs from place to place being suitable for various kinds of vegetation but all the plants are watered with the same water. In taste and nutritive values, all plants and their fruits differ, some excelling others. People who understand i.e. scientists should appreciate this and believe in the existence and powers of Allah (SWT).

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And if you would wonder, then wonderful is their saying, “”What! when we become (part of the) soil (after our death) shall we indeed be (created) in a new creation?”” Those are the persons who do not believe in their Fosterer and those will have chains in their necks and those are the inhabitants of the fire, they will stay therein.

Inspite of being made to reflect on the unimaginable powers of Allah (SWT) through His existing creation, infidels doubt their being raised after death, therefore they will be punished.

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And they ask you to hasten on the evil before the good, when there have been exemplary punishments before them. And your Fosterer is certainly Protectively Forgiving to mankind (inspite) of their being unjust and your Fosterer (at the same time) is certainly Severe in requiting (evil).
Allah (SWT) can protectively forgive the unjust or severely punish them, all depends on His will.

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And those who do not believe say, “”Why has not a sign been sent down to him from his Fosterer?”” You are only a warner and for every people there is a guide. (R 1)

A messenger is a warner and a guide, showing miracles depends upon the will of Allah (SWT).

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Details of the knowledge of Allah (SWT) are given.

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Details of the knowledge of Allah (SWT) are given.

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He who speaks secretly from among you and he who speaks openly and he who hides himself in the night and (he who) goes forth in the day time, are all equal (to Him).

Details of the knowledge of Allah (SWT) are given.

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For him there are (angels) following him closely, before him and behind him, protecting him by the command of Allah. Allah certainly does not change (the condition) in which a people are, until they change that which is in their souls. And when Allah intends evil for a people then there is no turning it back, and besides Him there is no guardian for them.

See 6:61 for protection and monitoring by angels. When the whole community changes internally, then only Allah (SWT) changes their condition. Therefore, propagation of Quran and Hadees is essential for the welfare of the community. No one or nothing can resist Allah (SWT) and there is no guardian besides Him.

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In lightning, there is fear of getting burnt and hope of rain. ‘Yunshiu’ can be translated as ‘He produces’ or ‘He develops’ or ‘He raises high’ etc. Allah (SWT) produces and develops heavy clouds by raising water vapor from the surface of oceans, rivers etc. One has to appreciate the selection of words for explaining natural phenomenae. Clouds are heavy and so voluminous that even big cities are flooded when they are converted to rain. Such vast volumes of clouds are miraculously suspended in space against gravity.‘Barq’ (lightning) is light energy, ‘Sawaaiq’ (thunder bolts) are due to electrical energy and ‘Raad’ (thunder) is sound energy. Is the emission of light and sound their glorification and praising of Allah (SWT)? In some earlier translations of the Quran, a Hadees is quoted without reference that ‘Raad i.e. thunder is an angel; Angels too praise and glorify Allah (SWT) 2:30, 13:13, therefore they too appear to be energies or incharges of energies as suggested earlier 2:30. Angels reside in the sky and are sent down to earth 53:26, 17:95 executing various orders of Allah (SWT) as His servants 43:19. There are numerous angels and they bow down before Allah fearing Him (SWT) 16:49, glorifying and praising Him 2:30, 13:13 bearing witness of His unity that there is no god except Him 3:18. They are capable of receiving information, knowledge and communication from Allah (SWT) and conveying His messages to human beings selected by Him, in this sense they too are messengers of Allah (SWT) like human being 2:30 and 32, 8:12, 22:75, 35:1 etc. Such messengers were sent to Zakariyya (PBH) 3:39, Maryam (PBH) 3:42-45, Ibrahim (PBH) 15:53 Lut (PBH) 11:81 etc. Angels can be transformed to appear like human beings as in the case of Ibrahiim (PBH) and Lut (PBH) 11:69-83, 6:9. Human beings too can be transformed into angels, if Allah (SWT) wills 43:60. Angels are associated with Jibriil (PBH) ‘The Ruuh’ and come down with him with the messages of Allah (SWT) 16:2 and also during Lailat-ul-Qadr (27th Ramadan) for all affairs 97:4. Derivatives of the root alphabets also mean power 7:188, control 23:88, master or owner 3:26, king 12:43 etc. In view of these meanings the word ‘Malaaaik’ translated as ‘Angels’ could also mean ‘Energies’ or ‘Power’. Angels were ordered to bow down before Adam (PBH) but Iblis was questioned for his not bowing down 7:11-12 although he is a jinn, 18:50. This indicates that the word Malaaaik, at least here, conveys the meaning of energies because Iblis is not an angel, still he was included in the order. All energies in the form of angels bowed down before Adam (PBH) except the evil energy in the form of the devil or Iblis. The sole reason for the scientific and technological progress of man control on various energies. If this control on energies granted by Allah (SWT) by making all angels (energies) to bow down before Adam (PBH) or man is withdrawn by Him, the whole building of Scientific and Technological progress would collapse and probably the whole human race would perish. Angels praise, glorify obey the orders of and bow down before Allah (SWT) out of reverence for Him which He alone deserves. Their bowing down before man cannot therefore be due to reverence, it could just mean their exhibition of obeying the orders of Allah (SWT) to come under the control of man in the form of various energies so that he could use them for his advancement, their does not appear to be any other concrete reason for the angels to bow down before man in addition to their bowing down before Allah (SWT). This indicates that the whole scientific and technological progress of man is the gift of Allah (SWT) and not his achievement, his achievement would be to bring under control the evil energy of the devil which refused to surrender before him because this is the only way he can enter paradise. On the contrary many men have surrendered to the devil who will lead them to hell. Angels have the capability of lifting weight 2:248 which again hints that they possess energy. They record human deeds 50:17-18, 82:10-11, protect and monitor them 13:11, ask for protective forgiveness of those on earth 42:5, shower mercy on the believer 33:43, descend on them with good news 41:30-32, help 3:125 and influence them 8:12. They shower mercy on prophet Muhammed (PBH) 33:56. They curse and punish the infields 2:161, 8:12 and bring about disaster 15:63. They cause to die 32:11, 16:32, 8:50. They ascend towards Allah (SWT) in a period which is 50,000 yrs 70:4 and will come down with Him on the day of resurrection to stand in ranks along with Jibriil (PBT) 78:38. On the day of judgment they will be around the throne of Allah (SWT) glorifying and praising Him 69:16- 18, 39:75, they will console the believers 21:103 and welcome them to paradise 13:23-24, 39:73. Many angels are incharge of hell too 39:71-72, 66:6, 74:31. We are required to believe in their existence and functions given in the Quran 2:285. The Quran gives information about the functions or duties of angels but does not give any information about their form and the substance from which they were created. Hazrat Aysha (R.A.) quotes the prophet (PBH) as saying, “Angels have been created from Nuur” [Reported by Muslim]. Angels could therefore be regarded as beings composed of some form of radiant energy or ‘Incharges’ of various energies in the universe whom we cannot perceive through our physical sense but who exert their influence on us without our being conscious of it, just like x-rays which penetrate the human flesh but do not impart any feeling to the human being concerned. Angels are thus beings the effect of whose work is visible but they themselves are not visible.

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In lightning, there is fear of getting burnt and hope of rain. ‘Yunshiu’ can be translated as ‘He produces’ or ‘He develops’ or ‘He raises high’ etc. Allah (SWT) produces and develops heavy clouds by raising water vapor from the surface of oceans, rivers etc. One has to appreciate the selection of words for explaining natural phenomenae. Clouds are heavy and so voluminous that even big cities are flooded when they are converted to rain. Such vast volumes of clouds are miraculously suspended in space against gravity.‘Barq’ (lightning) is light energy, ‘Sawaaiq’ (thunder bolts) are due to electrical energy and ‘Raad’ (thunder) is sound energy. Is the emission of light and sound their glorification and praising of Allah (SWT)? In some earlier translations of the Quran, a Hadees is quoted without reference that ‘Raad i.e. thunder is an angel; Angels too praise and glorify Allah (SWT) 2:30, 13:13, therefore they too appear to be energies or incharges of energies as suggested earlier 2:30. Angels reside in the sky and are sent down to earth 53:26, 17:95 executing various orders of Allah (SWT) as His servants 43:19. There are numerous angels and they bow down before Allah fearing Him (SWT) 16:49, glorifying and praising Him 2:30, 13:13 bearing witness of His unity that there is no god except Him 3:18. They are capable of receiving information, knowledge and communication from Allah (SWT) and conveying His messages to human beings selected by Him, in this sense they too are messengers of Allah (SWT) like human being 2:30 and 32, 8:12, 22:75, 35:1 etc. Such messengers were sent to Zakariyya (PBH) 3:39, Maryam (PBH) 3:42-45, Ibrahim (PBH) 15:53 Lut (PBH) 11:81 etc. Angels can be transformed to appear like human beings as in the case of Ibrahiim (PBH) and Lut (PBH) 11:69-83, 6:9. Human beings too can be transformed into angels, if Allah (SWT) wills 43:60. Angels are associated with Jibriil (PBH) ‘The Ruuh’ and come down with him with the messages of Allah (SWT) 16:2 and also during Lailat-ul-Qadr (27th Ramadan) for all affairs 97:4. Derivatives of the root alphabets also mean power 7:188, control 23:88, master or owner 3:26, king 12:43 etc. In view of these meanings the word ‘Malaaaik’ translated as ‘Angels’ could also mean ‘Energies’ or ‘Power’. Angels were ordered to bow down before Adam (PBH) but Iblis was questioned for his not bowing down 7:11-12 although he is a jinn, 18:50. This indicates that the word Malaaaik, at least here, conveys the meaning of energies because Iblis is not an angel, still he was included in the order. All energies in the form of angels bowed down before Adam (PBH) except the evil energy in the form of the devil or Iblis. The sole reason for the scientific and technological progress of man control on various energies. If this control on energies granted by Allah (SWT) by making all angels (energies) to bow down before Adam (PBH) or man is withdrawn by Him, the whole building of Scientific and Technological progress would collapse and probably the whole human race would perish. Angels praise, glorify obey the orders of and bow down before Allah (SWT) out of reverence for Him which He alone deserves. Their bowing down before man cannot therefore be due to reverence, it could just mean their exhibition of obeying the orders of Allah (SWT) to come under the control of man in the form of various energies so that he could use them for his advancement, their does not appear to be any other concrete reason for the angels to bow down before man in addition to their bowing down before Allah (SWT). This indicates that the whole scientific and technological progress of man is the gift of Allah (SWT) and not his achievement, his achievement would be to bring under control the evil energy of the devil which refused to surrender before him because this is the only way he can enter paradise. On the contrary many men have surrendered to the devil who will lead them to hell. Angels have the capability of lifting weight 2:248 which again hints that they possess energy. They record human deeds 50:17-18, 82:10-11, protect and monitor them 13:11, ask for protective forgiveness of those on earth 42:5, shower mercy on the believer 33:43, descend on them with good news 41:30-32, help 3:125 and influence them 8:12. They shower mercy on prophet Muhammed (PBH) 33:56. They curse and punish the infields 2:161, 8:12 and bring about disaster 15:63. They cause to die 32:11, 16:32, 8:50. They ascend towards Allah (SWT) in a period which is 50,000 yrs 70:4 and will come down with Him on the day of resurrection to stand in ranks along with Jibriil (PBT) 78:38. On the day of judgment they will be around the throne of Allah (SWT) glorifying and praising Him 69:16- 18, 39:75, they will console the believers 21:103 and welcome them to paradise 13:23-24, 39:73. Many angels are incharge of hell too 39:71-72, 66:6, 74:31. We are required to believe in their existence and functions given in the Quran 2:285. The Quran gives information about the functions or duties of angels but does not give any information about their form and the substance from which they were created. Hazrat Aysha (R.A.) quotes the prophet (PBH) as saying, “Angels have been created from Nuur” [Reported by Muslim]. Angels could therefore be regarded as beings composed of some form of radiant energy or ‘Incharges’ of various energies in the universe whom we cannot perceive through our physical sense but who exert their influence on us without our being conscious of it, just like x-rays which penetrate the human flesh but do not impart any feeling to the human being concerned. Angels are thus beings the effect of whose work is visible but they themselves are not visible.

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To Him is due the real prayer (for help), and those to whom they pray (for help) besides Him, do not respond to them in anything but like one who stretches his hands towards water that it may reach his mouth but it does not reach it. And the prayer of the infidels (is nothing) but in vain, (being fruitless).

No one can help except Allah (SWT).

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And to Allah bows down whoever (and whatever) is in the skies and the earth willingly and unwillingly and their shadows (too), in the mornings and the evenings.

Everything in the Universe bows down before Allah (SWT) i.e. obeys His orders or follows His laws known as ‘Laws of Nature’. In this sense even the infidels helplessly and involuntarily follow the laws of nature like being influenced by the gravity of the earth, urge to eat and drink etc though voluntarily they do not bow down to Him, 22:18. It’s a law of nature that opaque bodies cast shadows. In the evening the shadows lengthen to end in night and in the morning, they shorten giving rise to day.

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Say, “”Who is the Fosterer of the skies and the earth?”” Say, “”Allah.”” Say, “”Then do you take guardians besides Him, who do not have the power to benefit or harm (even) their ownselves?”” Say, “”Are the blind and the seeing equal or is the darkness equal to light. Or do they assign partners for Allah who have created as He has created, so that the creation (of Allah and theirs appear) similar to them?”” Say, “”Allah is the Creator of everything and He is the One, the Omnipotent.””

Questions are asked to make people think and then come out with answers. Everything other than Allah (SWT) is His creation and nothing from the creation deserves to be elevated to the rank of the Creator, which obviously means that ‘There is no god except Allah (SWT)’. Allah (SWT) is the truth and what people worship besides Him is falsehood that will pass off like froth.

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He sends down water from the sky which flows in valleys according to its program, so that the torrent bears (on its surface) a swelling foam, and from that which they melt in fire for making ornaments or things (of utility, rises) a foam similar to it, thus Allah strikes (a comparison between) the truth and the falsehood. So as for the foam it passes away as useless froth and as for that which is useful to mankind, it remains in the earth. Thus does Allah (explain by) striking examples.

Questions are asked to make people think and then come out with answers. Everything other than Allah (SWT) is His creation and nothing from the creation deserves to be elevated to the rank of the Creator, which obviously means that ‘There is no god except Allah (SWT)’. Allah (SWT) is the truth and what people worship besides Him is falsehood that will pass off like froth.

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It is good for those who respond to their Fosterer, and those who do not respond to Him, (even) if they had all that is in the earth and the like thereof with it, they would offer it as ransom, for such persons there is an evil accountability and their settling place is hell and it is an evil place of habitation. (R 2, P12

The qualities of those who respond to the message of Allah (SWT) and those who do not, are given along with the result.

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The qualities of those who respond to the message of Allah (SWT) and those who do not, are given along with the result.