List Of Sura's

Al-Baqarah (The Cow)

0-1

In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful

Our Prophet (PBH), through the very first revelation of the Quran, was ordered:
“Recite in the name of your Fosterer…” (Chapter 96: Verse 1) and the name of his and our Fosterer is Allah (SWT), as is evident from the very first verse of the first chapter of the Quran:
“Praise is due only for Allah (SWT), the Fosterer of the worlds”. (Chapter 1: Verse 1)
In view of this order of Allah (SWT), we should recite/read before starting the recitation or reading of the Holy Quran which is a part of the Quran, occurring at the beginning of 113 out of 114 chapters of the Quran and also as part of verse No. 30 of chapter 27 of the Quran. Through Chapter 16: Verse 98, Allah Taala further orders:
“So when you recite/read the Quran, seek the protection of Allah from the accursed devil”.
This means that we are required to pray; (Aoozu Billahi min Ash shaitaanir Rajeem) meaning: “I seek the protection of Allah from the accursed devil”, even before reciting or reading: (Bismillahir Rahmaanir Raheem)

Shuru Allah ke naam se jo hum per taras kha ker faida pahunchane wala hai

2-1

Alif Laam Miim {1}

Alif Laam Miim {1}
Alif Laam Meem are Arabic alphabets. Such alphabets appear at the beginning of many Suras. Their meanings are not known, nevertheless they are regarded as part of the Quran. Certain chapters have certain initials prefixed to them. Many guesses have been made as to their meaning but opinions differ.

2-2

This is the book in which there is nothing doubtful, (there is) guidance (in it) for those who guard (against evil),

The Quran is the book, the law or the record which contains nothing doubtful. The very first verse after the abstract of the Quran given in Chapter 1, demands that the Quran should be read, studied and followed with the firm belief and certainty that the knowledge contained in it is correct, just the truth and nothing else. The Quran is said to be a guide for the ‘Muttaqeen’ i.e. the God fearing, restraining themselves from all evils. Elsewhere it is stated to be a guide for the Momins (Chapter 10: Verse 57), Muslims (Chapter 16: Verse 89), Muhsaneen (Chapter 31: Verse 3) and for mankind in general (Chapter 2: Verse 185). Let us try to understand this categorization through an example. Pedestrians are required to walk on the foot path for their own safety. This is a law for all human beings with an open choice to follow or reject it. This law is followed either by the law abiding good citizens or the accident fearing people. In view of this there is nothing wrong in saying that this in the law for people who are
1. law abiding
2. good citizens and
3. afraid of accidents,
because only these categories follow this law although it is meant for all human being but only Muttaqeen, Momineen Muslimeen etc., follow it.

2-3

who believe (Momin) in the unseen and establish worship (salat) and spend from that which We have provided for them.

Salat: This word has been retained in brackets and its translation “worship” prefixed to it, to convey the sense of the formal worship which consists of standing, bowing down, sitting, prostrating etc. It has been translated by some as prayer which appears to be a more appropriate translation of the word ‘Dua’ used for seeking Allah’s help.

The true knowledge (Ilm) imparted through the Quran leading to fear of Allah (Taqwa) should give rise to a strong belief in the unseen (Imaan) which in turn should force one to act accordingly (Islam) Belief in the unseen does not mean blind faith without reason. On the contrary, we are invited through the Quran itself to reflect on the creation, reason out and then come to the conclusion that there is an all-powerful Creator Who has created the Universe with a set purpose (Chapter 3: Verse 191, Chapter 10: Verse 24, Chapter 13: Verse 3, Chapter 16: Verse 10 – 11, Chapter 30: Verse 8, Chapter 45: Verse 12 – 13).  Many of the Verses of the Quran and our own interaction with the creation provide sufficient reason and proof to believe in the existence of the unseen items of our faith. History provides sufficient proof about the messengers of Allah (SWT). Death proves the existence of angels. It is scientifically reasoned out that the present phase of the Universe will come to an end and a new Universe will be recreated which we call the ‘hereafter’ (Akhirat). The whole Universe and the laws governing its existence can be produced as evidence to prove the existence of the all-Powerful Creator – Allah (SWT). The very first action after belief, is the establishment of formal worship i.e. Salat for the remembrance of Allah (SWT) (Chapter 20: Verse 14) and for keeping away from indecencies and sins (Chapter 29: Verse 45). This is to be followed by spending in the cause of Allah (SWT) from that which He Himself has provided, we are required to spend our surplus money (Chapter 2: Verse 219) on parents, relatives, orphans, the needy and the wayfarer (Chapter 2: Verse 215) with the only aim of seeking the Attention of Allah (SWT) who would repay in full whatever we spend in accordance with His instruction (Chapter 2: Verse 272) Salat is essential for the survival of the self (Nafs) and spending for the right cause is essential for the survival of the community, just like food which is essential for the survival of the body and marriage which is essential for the survival of the human species. The sequence suggested here is:
1. Acquiring of Quranic knowledge
2. Being certain about the truth of this knowledge
3. Fearing Allah (SWT) as He deserves to be feared
4. Belief, in the sense of accepting to be at peace with Him by obeying all His orders and finally
5. Action.

This word has been retained in brackets and its translation “worship” prefixed to it, to convey the sense of the formal worship which consists of standing, bowing down, sitting, prostrating etc. It has been translated by some as prayer which appears to be a more appropriate translation of the word ‘Dua’ used for seeking Allah’s help.

2-5

and who believe in that which is sent down to you and that which was sent down before you, and are certain about the hereafter (Life after death).

We are further required to accept the Quran as the truth revealed to our Prophet (PBH) by Allah (SWT) for practically implementing it in our lives and also to accept that Divine messages were sent to others prophets too, before our prophet (PBH) (Chapter 16: Verse 36, Chapter 40: Verse 78), like Torah to Musa (PBH), Zuboor to Dawood (PBH) and Injeel to Isa (PBH), for practically implementing them in the lives of the followers of those prophets. Finally, we are required to be certain about the hereafter, i.e. our being raised to life after our death (resurrection) for giving an account of all our beliefs and actions on the day of judgment based on which we would either be sent to paradise for rejoicing or hell for punishment.

We prepare hard for the examinations conducted by schools or Universities just because we are sure and certain that the results of the examinations will be declared someday or the other. How many students will appear for an examination if the University announces that it will conduct the examination but it will not declare the result? The certainty of getting the degree after being successful at the examination and the fear of failure with its associated frustration and grief force one to work hard for success, sacrificing all pleasures. Our life, according to the Quran, is a ‘TEST’ (Chapter 76: Verse 2) for selecting those who are the best in deeds (Chapter 67: Verse 2) i.e. the inhabitants of paradise and sending the failures to hell, with no chance of a re-examination. Therefore, the intensity of certainty and the fear of accountability and the consequent punishment in the life after death, should he more than the intensity of certainty in the result of any University examination and the fear of failure. The result of this TEST going on throughout our lives will be declared on the day of judgment when the successful candidates will be permanently sent to paradise and the failures to hell.

The true knowledge (Ilm) imparted through the Quran leading to fear of Allah (Taqwa) should give rise to a strong belief in the unseen (Imaan) which in turn should force one to act accordingly (Islam) Belief in the unseen does not mean blind faith without reason. On the contrary, we are invited through the Quran itself to reflect on the creation, reason out and then come to the conclusion that there is an all-powerful Creator Who has created the Universe with a set purpose (Chapter 3: Verse 191, Chapter 10: Verse 24, Chapter 13: Verse 3, Chapter 16: Verse 10 – 11, Chapter 30: Verse 8, Chapter 45: Verse 12 – 13).

Many of the Verses of the Quran and our own interaction with the creation provide sufficient reason and proof to believe in the existence of the unseen items of our faith. History provides sufficient proof about the messengers of Allah (SWT). Death proves the existence of angels. It is scientifically reasoned out that the present phase of the Universe will come to an end and a new Universe will be recreated which we call the ‘hereafter’ (Akhirat). The whole Universe and the laws governing its existence can be produced as evidence to prove the existence of the all-Powerful Creator – Allah (SWT). The very first action after belief, is the establishment of formal worship i.e. Salat for the remembrance of Allah (SWT) (Chapter 20: Verse 14) and for keeping away from indecencies and sins (Chapter 29: Verse 45). This is to be followed by spending in the cause of Allah (SWT) from that which He Himself has provided, we are required to spend our surplus money (Chapter 2: Verse 219) on parents, relatives, orphans, the needy and the wayfarer (Chapter 2: Verse 215) with the only aim of seeking the Attention of Allah (SWT) who would repay in full whatever we spend in accordance with His instruction (Chapter 2: Verse 272) Salat is essential for the survival of the self (Nafs) and spending for the right cause is essential for the survival of the community, just like food which is essential for the survival of the body and marriage which is essential for the survival of the human species. The sequence suggested here is:
1. Acquiring of Quranic knowledge
2. Being certain about the truth of this knowledge
3. Fearing Allah (SWT) as He deserves to be feared
4. Belief, in the sense of accepting to be at peace with Him by obeying all His orders and finally
5. Action.

2-5

Those who accept that all the original Divine messages contain true knowledge and right guidance, those whose attitude exhibits fear of Allah (SWT) due to which they guard themselves from all evils, those who believe in the unseen, those who establish worship (Salat)those who spend for the right cause and those who are certain of the accountability and its consequent result in the life after death–such are the persons on right guidance from their Fosterer i.e. they are on the straight path leading to paradise, consequently they are the successful candidates because they will Insha Allah he sent to paradise for eternal enjoyment.

2-6

For those who do not believe, it is the same to them, whether you warn them or do not warn them they will certainly not believe.

One is normally warned beforehand about something dangerous which is likely to been countered in future. Warning the infidels that they will be punished for their bad deeds does not effect them in anyway because they do not believe in Allah, His angels, His messengers, His books and in the accountability of deeds on the day of judgment and the consequent punishment in hell or reward in paradise.

2-7

Allah has set a seal upon their hearts and upon their hearings, and upon their eyes is a covering, and for them there is a great punishment. (R 1)

Two major senses and sources of receptionof information are the eyes and the ears. Theinformation received through these sources isprocessed in the brain (Qulb) the ultimateoutcome of which is response in the form of appropriate action, As a punishment, both thesources of reception of information and themechanism of response are made to filter outreligious information and response (i.e.Deen)from the lives of the infidels therefore theirbeliefs and actions are different from or rather opposite to those of the Muttaqeen, Momineen,Muslimeen etc., listed in verse Nos. 1 to 5.Consequently there is a great punishment waitingfor the infidels.

2-8

And among mankind are those who say, “”We believe in Allah and in the period hereafter,”” but they are not with the believers (Those who act like Muslims but do not believe, are hypocrites – Munafiqeen).

Among human beings there are some persons who say that they believe in Allah and the hereafter but they do not mean it, therefore they cannot be counted with the believers. These hypocrites, who say and do things which they do not mean think that they are deceiving Allah(SWT) and the believers but in fact they are deceiving themselves by their hypocrisy as they are unconsciously preparing themselves for hell. In their hearts is the disease of hypocrisy (Nifaaq Chapter 9: Verse 77) compared to the healthy hearts of the believers which contain belief (imaan) (Chapter 49: Verse 7) Allah (SWT) has therefore further increased this disease of theirs and because they deny His message they will have to face a painful punishment.

2-9

They (presume to) deceive Allah and those who believe, but they do not deceive anyone except themselves, yet they do not perceive.

Among human beings there are some persons who say that they believe in Allah and the hereafter but they do not mean it, therefore they cannot be counted with the believers. These hypocrites, who say and do things which they do not mean think that they are deceiving Allah(SWT) and the believers but in fact they are deceiving themselves by their hypocrisy as they are unconsciously preparing themselves for hell. In their hearts is the disease of hypocrisy (Nifaaq Chapter 9: Verse 77) compared to the healthy hearts of the believers which contain belief (imaan) (Chapter 49: Verse 7) Allah (SWT) has therefore further increased this disease of theirs and because they deny His message they will have to face a painful punishment.

2-10

In their hearts is a disease, so Allah has increased their disease, and there is a painful punishment for them because they were deniers.

Among human beings there are some persons who say that they believe in Allah and the hereafter but they do not mean it, therefore they cannot be counted with the believers. These hypocrites, who say and do things which they do not mean think that they are deceiving Allah(SWT) and the believers but in fact they are deceiving themselves by their hypocrisy as they are unconsciously preparing themselves for hell. In their hearts is the disease of hypocrisy (Nifaaq Chapter 9: Verse 77) compared to the healthy hearts of the believers which contain belief (imaan) (Chapter 49: Verse 7) Allah (SWT) has therefore further increased this disease of theirs and because they deny His message they will have to face a painful punishment.

2-11

And when it is said to them, “”Do not cause corruption in the earth,”” they say, “”We are but reformers.””

These Hypocrites used to behave like Muslims and when they were in their company they used to assure them that they were Muslims but when they went back to the non-believers they used to assure them too that they were with them. In fact, by their not believing in Allah and the here after the hypocrites were with the non-believers. This dual personality of the hypocrites was one of the causes of corruption, they used to spy for the non-believers. When they were made conscious of this corruption of theirs by the believers they again lied saying that they were reformers and when the non-believers objected to their moving with the believers they told them they were just mocking i.e. acting like Muslims and fooling them. It was probably in view of this assumption of theirs that when they were asked to believe they replied, “Should we believe as the fools believe?” But Allah (SWT) confirmed that they are the corrupt and they are the fools and by allowing them to blindly wander in their rebellion He himself is fooling them because they are presuming that what they are doing is right. Finally, He declares that theirs is a bad deal, they are purchasing error i.e. hell at the cost of guidance i.e. paradise. By not receiving guidance they have thus lost the deal.

2-12

These Hypocrites used to behave like Muslims and when they were in their company they used to assure them that they were Muslims but when they went back to the non-believers they used to assure them too that they were with them. In fact, by their not believing in Allah and the here after the hypocrites were with the non-believers. This dual personality of the hypocrites was one of the causes of corruption, they used to spy for the non-believers. When they were made conscious of this corruption of theirs by the believers they again lied saying that they were reformers and when the non-believers objected to their moving with the believers they told them they were just mocking i.e. acting like Muslims and fooling them. It was probably in view of this assumption of theirs that when they were asked to believe they replied, “Should we believe as the fools believe?” But Allah (SWT) confirmed that they are the corrupt and they are the fools and by allowing them to blindly wander in their rebellion He himself is fooling them because they are presuming that what they are doing is right. Finally, He declares that theirs is a bad deal, they are purchasing error i.e. hell at the cost of guidance i.e. paradise. By not receiving guidance they have thus lost the deal.

2-13

And when it is said to them, “”Believe as (other) people believe,”” they say, “”What! should we believe as the fools believe?”” Beware! they are certainly the fools but they do not know.

These Hypocrites used to behave like Muslims and when they were in their company they used to assure them that they were Muslims but when they went back to the non-believers they used to assure them too that they were with them. In fact, by their not believing in Allah and the here after the hypocrites were with the non-believers. This dual personality of the hypocrites was one of the causes of corruption, they used to spy for the non-believers. When they were made conscious of this corruption of theirs by the believers they again lied saying that they were reformers and when the non-believers objected to their moving with the believers they told them they were just mocking i.e. acting like Muslims and fooling them. It was probably in view of this assumption of theirs that when they were asked to believe they replied, “Should we believe as the fools believe?” But Allah (SWT) confirmed that they are the corrupt and they are the fools and by allowing them to blindly wander in their rebellion He himself is fooling them because they are presuming that what they are doing is right. Finally, He declares that theirs is a bad deal, they are purchasing error i.e. hell at the cost of guidance i.e. paradise. By not receiving guidance they have thus lost the deal.

2-14

And when they meet those who believe they say, “”We believe,”” but when they are alone with their devils (evil ones), they say, “”We are certainly with you, we were just mocking.””

These Hypocrites used to behave like Muslims and when they were in their company they used to assure them that they were Muslims but when they went back to the non-believers they used to assure them too that they were with them. In fact, by their not believing in Allah and the here after the hypocrites were with the non-believers. This dual personality of the hypocrites was one of the causes of corruption, they used to spy for the non-believers. When they were made conscious of this corruption of theirs by the believers they again lied saying that they were reformers and when the non-believers objected to their moving with the believers they told them they were just mocking i.e. acting like Muslims and fooling them. It was probably in view of this assumption of theirs that when they were asked to believe they replied, “Should we believe as the fools believe?” But Allah (SWT) confirmed that they are the corrupt and they are the fools and by allowing them to blindly wander in their rebellion He himself is fooling them because they are presuming that what they are doing is right. Finally, He declares that theirs is a bad deal, they are purchasing error i.e. hell at the cost of guidance i.e. paradise. By not receiving guidance they have thus lost the deal.

2-15

These Hypocrites used to behave like Muslims and when they were in their company they used to assure them that they were Muslims but when they went back to the non-believers they used to assure them too that they were with them. In fact, by their not believing in Allah and the here after the hypocrites were with the non-believers. This dual personality of the hypocrites was one of the causes of corruption, they used to spy for the non-believers. When they were made conscious of this corruption of theirs by the believers they again lied saying that they were reformers and when the non-believers objected to their moving with the believers they told them they were just mocking i.e. acting like Muslims and fooling them. It was probably in view of this assumption of theirs that when they were asked to believe they replied, “Should we believe as the fools believe?” But Allah (SWT) confirmed that they are the corrupt and they are the fools and by allowing them to blindly wander in their rebellion He himself is fooling them because they are presuming that what they are doing is right. Finally, He declares that theirs is a bad deal, they are purchasing error i.e. hell at the cost of guidance i.e. paradise. By not receiving guidance they have thus lost the deal.

2-16

These Hypocrites used to behave like Muslims and when they were in their company they used to assure them that they were Muslims but when they went back to the non-believers they used to assure them too that they were with them. In fact, by their not believing in Allah and the here after the hypocrites were with the non-believers. This dual personality of the hypocrites was one of the causes of corruption, they used to spy for the non-believers. When they were made conscious of this corruption of theirs by the believers they again lied saying that they were reformers and when the non-believers objected to their moving with the believers they told them they were just mocking i.e. acting like Muslims and fooling them. It was probably in view of this assumption of theirs that when they were asked to believe they replied, “Should we believe as the fools believe?” But Allah (SWT) confirmed that they are the corrupt and they are the fools and by allowing them to blindly wander in their rebellion He himself is fooling them because they are presuming that what they are doing is right. Finally, He declares that theirs is a bad deal, they are purchasing error i.e. hell at the cost of guidance i.e. paradise. By not receiving guidance they have thus lost the deal.

2-17

Their likeness is as the likeness of one who kindled a fire, so when it enlightened that which was around him, Allah took away their light and left them in darkness (so that) they do not see,

The condition of hyprocrites is illustrated through two examples! When fire is kindled in the darkness of the night it not only illuminates the surrounding but also radiates heat. The Quran is stated to be ‘light’ (Noor) (Chapter 5: Verse 5) and prophet Muhammed (PBH) ‘a lamp giving light’ (Sirajam munnera) (Chapter 5: 33 Verse 46). The believers take advantage of this light and are thereby guided towards the straight path leading to paradise. The hyprocrites refuse to receive guidance from this light, therefore for their punishment their light i.e. their sight is taken away and they are left in darkness. When light is taken away from fire only heat remains in it, i.e. when guidance is taken away only hellfire remains for punishment. The hyprocrites are thus left not only in darkness but also in an unpleasant heated environment. This suggests that the hypocrites, because of their internal darkness blindly wonder in their rebellion and ultimately land in hell to experience the torture of burning in the fire. Their two major sources of reception of religious information, i.e. their ears and eyes are sealed so they are deaf and blind with regard to the message and the messenger (PBH) of Allah. Consequently, there is no religious response from them, in view of which they are further classed as dumb, probably meaning ‘response less’when the major sources of religious reception and response are sealed there is no question of their returning to the light i.e. the message and the messenger (PBH) of Allah.

2-18

deaf, dumb, blind, therefore they cannot return (to the light).

The condition of hyprocrites is illustrated through two examples! When fire is kindled in the darkness of the night it not only illuminates the surrounding but also radiates heat. The Quran is stated to be ‘light’ (Noor) (Chapter 5: Verse 5) and prophet Muhammed (PBH) ‘a lamp giving light’ (Sirajam munnera) (Chapter 5: 33 Verse 46). The believers take advantage of this light and are thereby guided towards the straight path leading to paradise. The hyprocrites refuse to receive guidance from this light, therefore for their punishment their light i.e. their sight is taken away and they are left in darkness. When light is taken away from fire only heat remains in it, i.e. when guidance is taken away only hellfire remains for punishment. The hyprocrites are thus left not only in darkness but also in an unpleasant heated environment. This suggests that the hypocrites, because of their internal darkness blindly wonder in their rebellion and ultimately land in hell to experience the torture of burning in the fire. Their two major sources of reception of religious information, i.e. their ears and eyes are sealed so they are deaf and blind with regard to the message and the messenger (PBH) of Allah. Consequently, there is no religious response from them, in view of which they are further classed as dumb, probably meaning ‘response less’when the major sources of religious reception and response are sealed there is no question of their returning to the light i.e. the message and the messenger (PBH) of Allah.

2-19

Or like a rainstorm from the sky, in which is darkness and thunder and lightning. They thrust their fingers in their ears (because of) the fear of death from the thunder-claps, and Allah encompasses the infidels (Those who reject Divine Communications – Kafir).

In the second example too, it is the darkness of night, but the source of light, instead of continuous fire, is the intermittent lighting that precedes a thunder when there is a rainstorm Due to the horrifying sound of the thunderclaps, the hypocrites place their fingers in their ears fearing death, as if not hearing the sound of the thunderclaps would save them from death. The point that is stressed here is that if one avoids to listen to the message or the messenger (PBH) of Allah by placing his fingers in his ears and thereby pleads ignorance, then this type of ignorance of the religious laws cannot save him from the punishment in hell, because Allah (SWT) knows everything going on in the hearts of all human beings (Chapter 27: Verses 73-74), besides He encompasses everything (Chapter 2: Verse 126) including the infidels (Chapter 2: Verse 19). The hypocrites too are infidels in the sense that, they too like the infidels do not have belief residing in their hearts, the only difference is that the hypocrites act like Muslims and the infidels do not, the light of the message and the messenger (PBH) of Allah is so strong that if anyone confronts it, it would almost snatch away his eye sight. The quality of this light is such that one can walk aright towards paradise only when it shines in his life and when it does not shine then he is forced to stand still, in a state of stagnation. The hypocrites and the infidels do not give importance to this internal light of the message and the messenger (PBH) of Allah. Therefore, He warns them that if He wills He can make them physically deaf and blind making their lives in this world miserable and thereby makethem realize that if they become deaf and blind to His message and messenger (PBH) their lives in the hereafter will become miserable because He is all powerful to teach them a lesson.